Pharyngeal Function and Breathing Pattern during Partial Neuromuscular Block in the Elderly: Effects on Airway Protection
Cedborg, Anna I. Hårdemark M.D.;
Sundman, Eva M.D., Ph.D.; Bodén, Katarina M.D., Ph.D.; Hedström, Hanne
Witt M.D., Ph.D.; Kuylenstierna, Richard M.D., Ph.D.; Ekberg, Olle M.D.,
Ph.D.; Eriksson, Lars I. M.D., Ph.D., F.R.C.A.
Incidence of swallowing dysfunction
increased more than double during partial neuromuscular block in healthy
elderly individuals without impairment of coordination between
swallowing and breathing. Reduced upper esophageal sphincter tone did
not recover even at the train-of-four ratio of 0.9.